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securiteroute_uk [2014/06/23 22:42]
admin créée
securiteroute_uk [2014/07/02 23:00] (Version actuelle)
admin
Ligne 3: Ligne 3:
 ===== United Kingdom : =====  ===== United Kingdom : ===== 
  
-AA foundation for road safety - Tyres, road surfaces and reducing accidents - mai 2004 - 155pg +==== AA foundation for road safety - Tyres, road surfaces and reducing accidents - mai 2004 - 155pg ==== 
-{{:​pollution_lumineuse:​aa_foundation_for_road_safety_-_tyres_road_surfaces_and_reducing_accidents_-_mai_2004_-_155pg.pdf|}}+\\ To carry out, or procure, research into all factors affecting the 
 +safe use of public roads. 
 +ii To promote and encourage the safe use of public roads by all 
 +classes of users through the circulation of advice, information 
 +and knowledge gained from research. 
 +iii To conceive, develop and implement programmes and courses 
 +of action designed to improve road safety; these to include the 
 +carrying out of projects or programmes intended to educate 
 +children or others in the safe use of public roads. 
 +The basis for future strategy is a broad programme of new work, 
 +and the commitment to follow through on the findings of earlier 
 +research. The Foundation'​s priority must be to move greater effort 
 +into influencing road user behaviour and the application of findings 
 +from completed research. It has been agreed that future planning 
 +by the Foundation should concentrate on: 
 +i clear strategies on how to influence road-user behaviour to 
 +reduce risk, and thereby accidents and casualties, through 
 +education and training, enforcement or deterrence; and 
 +ii interactions between agencies concerned with highways, the 
 +road environment and land-use, health, enforcement and 
 +education, in order to target resources to greatest effect. 
 +Research findings must be systematically pursued, and it is essential 
 +to include the issues of: 
 +i public acceptance of, and support for, road safety interventions;​ 
 +ii the interface between road-users and new technology - their 
 +adaptation to its use for information,​ enforcement and 
 +deterrence; and 
 +iii interactions between modes of transport on the roads - 
 +pedestrians,​ cyclists, car drivers etc - and the necessary changes 
 +in infrastructure for safety purposes. 
 +\\ {{:​pollution_lumineuse:​aa_foundation_for_road_safety_-_tyres_road_surfaces_and_reducing_accidents_-_mai_2004_-_155pg.pdf|}}
  
-Marchant - presentation - Critically appraising the alleged benefits of lighting on public safety - 27pg +==== Marchant - presentation - Critically appraising the alleged benefits of lighting on public safety - 27pg ==== 
-{{:​pollution_lumineuse:​marchant_-_presentation_-_critically_appraising_the_alleged_benefits_of_lighting_on_public_safety_-_27pg.pdf|}}+\\ Can research findings be plausibly explained by means other than that given by the original researcher?​ 
 +Previous talk spoke of some of the potential artefacts that may be seriously afflicting lighting research…For example HORS251 
 +Strange ideas …. health care of old…. 
 +\\ {{:​pollution_lumineuse:​marchant_-_presentation_-_critically_appraising_the_alleged_benefits_of_lighting_on_public_safety_-_27pg.pdf|}}
  
-Safety at night - 1pg +==== Safety at night - 1pg ==== 
-{{:​pollution_lumineuse:​safety_at_night_-_1pg.pdf|}}+\\ We accept the evidence that lit roads are, 
 +generally, safer than unlit ones.23 We do 
 +not want a reduction in the length of lit 
 +roads but we do advocate the 
 +replacement of wasteful, light polluting 
 +old street and road lights with Full Cut Off 
 +lighting (see page 11). The overall length 
 +of motorway and A roads that are lit in 
 +the open countryside should not continue 
 +to grow. We recognise that there may be 
 +a few stretches of such road where a 
 +strong safety case can be made for an 
 +extension of lighting, but we argue that 
 +solar-powered LED cats’ eyes be 
 +considered as an alternative. 
 +\\ {{:​pollution_lumineuse:​safety_at_night_-_1pg.pdf|}}
  
-The Lighting Journal - Road Accidents and Lighting / Accidents de la route et éclairage public - 2005 - 2pg +==== The Lighting Journal - Road Accidents and Lighting / Accidents de la route et éclairage public - 2005 - 2pg ==== 
-{{:​pollution_lumineuse:​the_lighting_journal_-_accidents_de_la_route_et_eclairage_public_-_2005_-_2pg.pdf|}}+\\ A total of 417 personal injury accidents (PIA) were recorded at the 94 lit 
 +trunk road sites, corresponding to an annual mean rate of 0.11 PIA per 
 +million vehicles. Of this total, 81 PIA occurred during the hours of 
 +darkness corresponding to an annual mean night-time rate of 0.09 PIA per 
 +million vehicles. There was therefore no significant statistical difference 
 +between the average daytime and night-time accident rates for the lit trunk 
 +road roundabouts. 
 +Un total de 417 accidents corporels fut enregistré au niveau de 94 ronds-points 
 +éclairés sur routes nationales, correspondant à un taux annuel de 0,11 accidents 
 +corporels par million de véhicules. Sur ce total, 81 sont arrivés de nuit, 
 +correspondant à un taux de 0,09 accidents corporels par million de véhicules. Il en 
 +résulte que ces chiffres ne montrent pas de différence significative de ce taux, entre 
 +le jour et la nuit, au niveau des ronds-points éclairés, sur grands axes. 
 +\\ {{:​pollution_lumineuse:​the_lighting_journal_-_accidents_de_la_route_et_eclairage_public_-_2005_-_2pg.pdf|}}
  
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securiteroute_uk.txt · Dernière modification: 2014/07/02 23:00 par admin